Chanakaya Neeti

Adhyaya 14

ॐ श्री परमात्मने नमः


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संस्कृत्म
A English
आत्मापराधवृक्षस्य फलान्येतानि देहिनाम् । दारिद्र्यदुःखरोगाणि बन्धनव्यसनानि च ॥ ०१ ॥
atmaparadhavrksasya phalanyetani dehinam । daridryaduhkharogani bandhanavyasanani cha ॥ ०1 ॥
Poverty, disease, sorrow, imprisonment and other evils are the fruits borne by the tree of one's own sins.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   1

पुनर्वित्तं पुनर्मित्रं पुनर्भार्या पुनर्मही । एतत्सर्वं पुनर्लभ्यं न शरीरं पुनः पुनः ॥ ०२ ॥
punarvittam punarmitram punarbharya punarmahi । etatsarvam punarlabhyam na sariram punah punah ॥ ०2 ॥
Wealth, a friend, a wife, and a kingdom may be regained; but this body when lost may never be acquired again.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   2

बहूनां चैव सत्त्वानां समवायो रिपुञ्जयः । वर्षाधाराधरो मेघस्तृणैरपि निवार्यते ॥ ०३ ॥
bahūnam chaiva sattvanam samavayo ripuñjayah । varsadharadharo meghastrnairapi nivaryate ॥ ०3 ॥
The enemy can be overcome by the union of large numbers, just as grass through its collectiveness wards off erosion caused by heavy rainfall.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   3

जले तैलं खले गुह्यं पात्रे दानं मनागपि । प्राज्ञे शास्त्रं स्वयं याति विस्तारं वस्तुशक्तितः ॥ ०४ ॥
jale tailam khale guhyam patre danam managapi । prajñe sastram svayam yati vistaram vastusaktitah ॥ ०4 ॥
Oil on water, a secret communicated to a base man, a gift given to a worthy receiver, and scriptural instruction given to an intelligent man spread out by virtue of their nature.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   4

धर्माख्याने श्मशाने च रोगिणां या मतिर्भवेत् । सा सर्वदैव तिष्ठेच्चेत्को न मुच्येत बन्धनात् ॥ ०५ ॥
dharmakhyane smasane cha roginam ya matirbhavet । sa sarvadaiva tisthechchetko na muchyeta bandhanat ॥ ०5 ॥
If men should always retain the state of mind they experience when hearing religious instruction, when present at a crematorium ground, and when in sickness -- then who could not attain liberation.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   5

उत्पन्नपश्चात्तापस्य बुद्धिर्भवति यादृशी । तादृशी यदि पूर्वं स्यात्कस्य न स्यान्महोदयः ॥ ०६ ॥
utpannapaschattapasya buddhirbhavati yadrsi । tadrsi yadi pūrvam syatkasya na syanmahodayah ॥ ०6 ॥
If a man should feel before, as he feels after, repentance -- then who would not attain perfection?

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   6

दाने तपसि शौर्ये वा विज्ञाने विनये नये । विस्मयो नहि कर्तव्यो बहुरत्ना वसुन्धरा ॥ ०७ ॥
dane tapasi saurye va vijñane vinaye naye । vismayo nahi kartavyo bahuratna vasundhara ॥ ०7 ॥
We should not feel pride in our charity, austerity, valour, scriptural knowledge, modesty and morality for the world is full of the rarest gems.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   7

दूरस्थोऽपि न दूरस्थो यो यस्य मनसि स्थितः । यो यस्य हृदये नास्ति समीपस्थोऽपि दूरतः ॥ ०८ ॥
dūrastho'pi na dūrastho yo yasya manasi sthitah । yo yasya hrdaye nasti samipastho'pi dūratah ॥ ०8 ॥
He who lives in our mind is near though he may actually be far away; but he who is not in our heart is far though he may really be nearby.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   8

यस्माच्च प्रियमिच्छेत्तु तस्य ब्रूयात्सदा प्रियम् । व्याधो मृगवधं कर्तुं गीतं गायति सुस्वरम् ॥ ०९ ॥
yasmachcha priyamichChettu tasya brūyatsada priyam । vyadho mrgavadham kartum gitam gayati susvaram ॥ ०9 ॥
We should always speak what would please the man of whom we expect a favour, like the hunter who sings sweetly when he desires to shoot a deer.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   9

अत्यासन्ना विनाशाय दूरस्था न फलप्रदा । सेव्यतां मध्यभावेन राजा वह्निर्गुरुः स्त्रियः ॥ १० ॥
atyasanna vinasaya dūrastha na phalaprada । sevyatam madhyabhavena raja vahnirguruh striyah ॥ 1० ॥
It is ruinous to be familiar with the king, fire, the religious preceptor, and a woman. To be altogether indifferent of them is to be deprived of the opportunity to benefit ourselves, hence our association with them must be from a safe distance.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   10

अग्निरापः स्त्रियो मूर्खाः सर्पा राजकुलानि च । नित्यं यत्नेन सेव्यानि सद्यः प्राणहराणि षट् ॥ ११ ॥
agnirapah striyo mūrkhah sarpa rajakulani cha । nityam yatnena sevyani sadyah pranaharani sat ॥ 11 ॥
We should always deal cautiously with fire, water, women, foolish people, serpents, and members of a royal family; for they may, when the occasion presents itself, at once bring about our death.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   11

स जीवति गुणा यस्य यस्य धर्मः स जीवति । गुणधर्मविहीनस्य जीवितं निष्प्रयोजनम् ॥ १२ ॥
sa jivati guna yasya yasya dharmah sa jivati । gunadharmavihinasya jivitam nisprayojanam ॥ 12 ॥
He should be considered to be living who is virtuous and pious, but the life of a man who is destitute of religion and virtues is void of any blessing.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   12

यदीच्छसि वशीकर्तुं जगदेकेन कर्मणा । पुरा पञ्चदशास्येभ्यो गां चरन्ती निवारय ॥ १३ ॥
yadichChasi vasikartum jagadekena karmana । pura pañchadasasyebhyo gam charanti nivaraya ॥ 13 ॥
If you wish to gain control of the world by the performance of a single deed, then keep the following fifteen, which are prone to wander, from controlling you: the five sense objects (objects of sight, sound, smell, taste, and touch); the five sense organs (ears, eyes, nose, tongue and skin) and organs of activity (hands, legs, mouth, genitals and anus).

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   13

प्रस्तावसदृशं वाक्यं प्रभावसदृशं प्रियम् । आत्मशक्तिसमं कोपं यो जानाति स पण्डितः ॥ १४ ॥
prastavasadrsam vakyam prabhavasadrsam priyam । atmasaktisamam kopam yo janati sa panditah ॥ 14 ॥
He is a pandita (man of knowledge) who speaks what is suitable to the occasion, who renders loving service according to his ability, and who knows the limits of his anger.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   14

एक एव पदार्थस्तु त्रिधा भवति वीक्षितः । कुणपं कामिनी मांसं योगिभिः कामिभिः श्वभिः ॥ १५ ॥
eka eva padarthastu tridha bhavati viksitah । kunapam kamini mamsam yogibhih kamibhih svabhih ॥ 15 ॥
One single object (a woman) appears in three different ways: to the man who practices austerity it appears as a corpse, to the sensual it appears as a woman, and to the dogs as a lump of flesh.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   15

सुसिद्धमौषधं धर्मं गृहच्छिद्रं च मैथुनम् । कुभुक्तं कुश्रुतं चैव मतिमान्न प्रकाशयेत् ॥ १६ ॥
susiddhamausadham dharmam grhachChidram cha maithunam । kubhuktam kusrutam chaiva matimanna prakasayet ॥ 16 ॥
A wise man should not divulge the formula of a medicine which he has well prepared; an act of charity which he has performed; domestic conflicts; private affairs with his wife; poorly prepared food he may have been offered; or slang he may have heard.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   16

तावन्मौनेन नीयन्ते कोकिलैश्चैव वासराः । यावत्सर्वजनानन्ददायिनी वाक्प्रवर्तते ॥ १७ ॥
tavanmaunena niyante kokilaischaiva vasarah । yavatsarvajananandadayini vakpravartate ॥ 17 ॥
The cuckoos remain silent for a long time (for several seasons) until they are able to sing sweetly (in the Spring ) so as to give joy to all.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   17

धर्मं धनं च धान्यं च गुरोर्वचनमौषधम् । सुगृहीतं च कर्तव्यमन्यथा तु न जीवति ॥ १८ ॥
dharmam dhanam cha dhanyam cha gurorvachanamausadham । sugrhitam cha kartavyamanyatha tu na jivati ॥ 18 ॥
We should secure and keep the following: the blessings of meritorious deeds, wealth, grain, the words of the spiritual master, and rare medicines.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   18

त्यज दुर्जनसंसर्गं भज साधुसमागमम् । कुरु पुण्यमहोरात्रं स्मर नित्यमनित्यतः ॥ १९ ॥
tyaja durjanasamsargam bhaja sadhusamagamam । kuru punyamahoratram smara nityamanityatah ॥ 19 ॥
Avoid wicked company and associate with saintly persons. Acquire virtue day and night, and always meditate on that which is eternal, forgetting that which is temporary.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   19

आत्मापराधवृक्षस्य फलान्येतानि देहिनाम् । दारिद्र्यदुःखरोगाणि बन्धनव्यसनानि च ॥ ०१ ॥
atmaparadhavrksasya phalanyetani dehinam । daridryaduhkharogani bandhanavyasanani cha ॥ ०1 ॥
Poverty, disease, sorrow, imprisonment and other evils are the fruits borne by the tree of one's own sins.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   1

पुनर्वित्तं पुनर्मित्रं पुनर्भार्या पुनर्मही । एतत्सर्वं पुनर्लभ्यं न शरीरं पुनः पुनः ॥ ०२ ॥
punarvittam punarmitram punarbharya punarmahi । etatsarvam punarlabhyam na sariram punah punah ॥ ०2 ॥
Wealth, a friend, a wife, and a kingdom may be regained; but this body when lost may never be acquired again.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   2

बहूनां चैव सत्त्वानां समवायो रिपुञ्जयः । वर्षाधाराधरो मेघस्तृणैरपि निवार्यते ॥ ०३ ॥
bahūnam chaiva sattvanam samavayo ripuñjayah । varsadharadharo meghastrnairapi nivaryate ॥ ०3 ॥
The enemy can be overcome by the union of large numbers, just as grass through its collectiveness wards off erosion caused by heavy rainfall.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   3

जले तैलं खले गुह्यं पात्रे दानं मनागपि । प्राज्ञे शास्त्रं स्वयं याति विस्तारं वस्तुशक्तितः ॥ ०४ ॥
jale tailam khale guhyam patre danam managapi । prajñe sastram svayam yati vistaram vastusaktitah ॥ ०4 ॥
Oil on water, a secret communicated to a base man, a gift given to a worthy receiver, and scriptural instruction given to an intelligent man spread out by virtue of their nature.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   4

धर्माख्याने श्मशाने च रोगिणां या मतिर्भवेत् । सा सर्वदैव तिष्ठेच्चेत्को न मुच्येत बन्धनात् ॥ ०५ ॥
dharmakhyane smasane cha roginam ya matirbhavet । sa sarvadaiva tisthechchetko na muchyeta bandhanat ॥ ०5 ॥
If men should always retain the state of mind they experience when hearing religious instruction, when present at a crematorium ground, and when in sickness -- then who could not attain liberation.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   5

उत्पन्नपश्चात्तापस्य बुद्धिर्भवति यादृशी । तादृशी यदि पूर्वं स्यात्कस्य न स्यान्महोदयः ॥ ०६ ॥
utpannapaschattapasya buddhirbhavati yadrsi । tadrsi yadi pūrvam syatkasya na syanmahodayah ॥ ०6 ॥
If a man should feel before, as he feels after, repentance -- then who would not attain perfection?

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   6

दाने तपसि शौर्ये वा विज्ञाने विनये नये । विस्मयो नहि कर्तव्यो बहुरत्ना वसुन्धरा ॥ ०७ ॥
dane tapasi saurye va vijñane vinaye naye । vismayo nahi kartavyo bahuratna vasundhara ॥ ०7 ॥
We should not feel pride in our charity, austerity, valour, scriptural knowledge, modesty and morality for the world is full of the rarest gems.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   7

दूरस्थोऽपि न दूरस्थो यो यस्य मनसि स्थितः । यो यस्य हृदये नास्ति समीपस्थोऽपि दूरतः ॥ ०८ ॥
dūrastho'pi na dūrastho yo yasya manasi sthitah । yo yasya hrdaye nasti samipastho'pi dūratah ॥ ०8 ॥
He who lives in our mind is near though he may actually be far away; but he who is not in our heart is far though he may really be nearby.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   8

यस्माच्च प्रियमिच्छेत्तु तस्य ब्रूयात्सदा प्रियम् । व्याधो मृगवधं कर्तुं गीतं गायति सुस्वरम् ॥ ०९ ॥
yasmachcha priyamichChettu tasya brūyatsada priyam । vyadho mrgavadham kartum gitam gayati susvaram ॥ ०9 ॥
We should always speak what would please the man of whom we expect a favour, like the hunter who sings sweetly when he desires to shoot a deer.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   9

अत्यासन्ना विनाशाय दूरस्था न फलप्रदा । सेव्यतां मध्यभावेन राजा वह्निर्गुरुः स्त्रियः ॥ १० ॥
atyasanna vinasaya dūrastha na phalaprada । sevyatam madhyabhavena raja vahnirguruh striyah ॥ 1० ॥
It is ruinous to be familiar with the king, fire, the religious preceptor, and a woman. To be altogether indifferent of them is to be deprived of the opportunity to benefit ourselves, hence our association with them must be from a safe distance.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   10

अग्निरापः स्त्रियो मूर्खाः सर्पा राजकुलानि च । नित्यं यत्नेन सेव्यानि सद्यः प्राणहराणि षट् ॥ ११ ॥
agnirapah striyo mūrkhah sarpa rajakulani cha । nityam yatnena sevyani sadyah pranaharani sat ॥ 11 ॥
We should always deal cautiously with fire, water, women, foolish people, serpents, and members of a royal family; for they may, when the occasion presents itself, at once bring about our death.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   11

स जीवति गुणा यस्य यस्य धर्मः स जीवति । गुणधर्मविहीनस्य जीवितं निष्प्रयोजनम् ॥ १२ ॥
sa jivati guna yasya yasya dharmah sa jivati । gunadharmavihinasya jivitam nisprayojanam ॥ 12 ॥
He should be considered to be living who is virtuous and pious, but the life of a man who is destitute of religion and virtues is void of any blessing.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   12

यदीच्छसि वशीकर्तुं जगदेकेन कर्मणा । पुरा पञ्चदशास्येभ्यो गां चरन्ती निवारय ॥ १३ ॥
yadichChasi vasikartum jagadekena karmana । pura pañchadasasyebhyo gam charanti nivaraya ॥ 13 ॥
If you wish to gain control of the world by the performance of a single deed, then keep the following fifteen, which are prone to wander, from controlling you: the five sense objects (objects of sight, sound, smell, taste, and touch); the five sense organs (ears, eyes, nose, tongue and skin) and organs of activity (hands, legs, mouth, genitals and anus).

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   13

प्रस्तावसदृशं वाक्यं प्रभावसदृशं प्रियम् । आत्मशक्तिसमं कोपं यो जानाति स पण्डितः ॥ १४ ॥
prastavasadrsam vakyam prabhavasadrsam priyam । atmasaktisamam kopam yo janati sa panditah ॥ 14 ॥
He is a pandita (man of knowledge) who speaks what is suitable to the occasion, who renders loving service according to his ability, and who knows the limits of his anger.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   14

एक एव पदार्थस्तु त्रिधा भवति वीक्षितः । कुणपं कामिनी मांसं योगिभिः कामिभिः श्वभिः ॥ १५ ॥
eka eva padarthastu tridha bhavati viksitah । kunapam kamini mamsam yogibhih kamibhih svabhih ॥ 15 ॥
One single object (a woman) appears in three different ways: to the man who practices austerity it appears as a corpse, to the sensual it appears as a woman, and to the dogs as a lump of flesh.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   15

सुसिद्धमौषधं धर्मं गृहच्छिद्रं च मैथुनम् । कुभुक्तं कुश्रुतं चैव मतिमान्न प्रकाशयेत् ॥ १६ ॥
susiddhamausadham dharmam grhachChidram cha maithunam । kubhuktam kusrutam chaiva matimanna prakasayet ॥ 16 ॥
A wise man should not divulge the formula of a medicine which he has well prepared; an act of charity which he has performed; domestic conflicts; private affairs with his wife; poorly prepared food he may have been offered; or slang he may have heard.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   16

तावन्मौनेन नीयन्ते कोकिलैश्चैव वासराः । यावत्सर्वजनानन्ददायिनी वाक्प्रवर्तते ॥ १७ ॥
tavanmaunena niyante kokilaischaiva vasarah । yavatsarvajananandadayini vakpravartate ॥ 17 ॥
The cuckoos remain silent for a long time (for several seasons) until they are able to sing sweetly (in the Spring ) so as to give joy to all.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   17

धर्मं धनं च धान्यं च गुरोर्वचनमौषधम् । सुगृहीतं च कर्तव्यमन्यथा तु न जीवति ॥ १८ ॥
dharmam dhanam cha dhanyam cha gurorvachanamausadham । sugrhitam cha kartavyamanyatha tu na jivati ॥ 18 ॥
We should secure and keep the following: the blessings of meritorious deeds, wealth, grain, the words of the spiritual master, and rare medicines.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   18

त्यज दुर्जनसंसर्गं भज साधुसमागमम् । कुरु पुण्यमहोरात्रं स्मर नित्यमनित्यतः ॥ १९ ॥
tyaja durjanasamsargam bhaja sadhusamagamam । kuru punyamahoratram smara nityamanityatah ॥ 19 ॥
Avoid wicked company and associate with saintly persons. Acquire virtue day and night, and always meditate on that which is eternal, forgetting that which is temporary.

Adhyaya : 14

Shloka :   19

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