Brahma Sutras

Adhyaya - 2

Padaha - 4

ॐ श्री परमात्मने नमः

This overlay will guide you through the buttons:

संस्कृत्म
A English
ॐ तथा प्राणाः ॐ ॥ २.४.१॥
ॐ tatha pranah ॐ || 2.4.1||

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   1

ॐ गौण्यसम्भवात् ॐ ॥ २.४.२॥
ॐ gaunyasambhavat ॐ || 2.4.2||

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   2

ॐ प्रतिज्ञानुपरोधाच्च ॐ ॥ २.४.३॥
ॐ pratijñanuparodhacca ॐ || 2.4.3||

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   3

ॐ तत्प्राक्श्रुतेश्च ॐ ॥ २.४.४॥
ॐ tatpraksrutesca ॐ || 2.4.4||

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   4

ॐ तत्पूर्वकत्वाद्वाचः ॐ ॥ २.४.५॥
ॐ tatpurvakatvadvacah ॐ || 2.4.5||

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   5

ॐ सप्त गतेर्विशेषितत्वाच्च ॐ ॥ २.४.६॥
ॐ sapta gatervisesitatvacca ॐ || 2.4.6||

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   6

ॐ हस्तादयस्तु स्थितेऽतो नैवम् ॐ ॥ २.४.७॥
ॐ hastadayastu sthite'to naivam ॐ || 2.4.7||

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   7

ॐ अणवश्च ॐ ॥ २.४.८॥
ॐ anavasca ॐ || 2.4.8||

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   8

ॐ श्रेष्ठश्च ॐ ॥ २.४.९॥
ॐ sresthasca ॐ || 2.4.9||

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   9

ॐ न वायुक्रिये पृथगुपदेशात् ॐ ॥ २.४.१०॥
ॐ na vayukriye prthagupadesat ॐ || 2.4.10||

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   10

ॐ चक्षुरादिवत्तु तत्सहशिष्ट्यादिभ्यः ॐ ॥ २.४.११॥
ॐ caksuradivattu tatsahasistyadibhyah ॐ || 2.4.11||

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   11

ॐ अकरणत्वाच्च न दोषस्तथा हि दर्शयति ॐ ॥ २.४.१२॥
ॐ akaranatvacca na dosastatha hi darsayati ॐ || 2.4.12||

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   12

ॐ पञ्चवृत्तिर्मनोवद्व्यपदिश्यते ॐ ॥ २.४.१३॥
ॐ pañcavrttirmanovadvyapadisyate ॐ || 2.4.13||

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   13

ॐ अणुश्च ॐ ॥ २.४.१४॥
ॐ anusca ॐ || 2.4.14||

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   14

ॐ ज्योतिराद्यधिष्ठानं तु तदामननात् ॐ ॥ २.४.१५॥
ॐ jyotiradyadhisthanam tu tadamananat ॐ || 2.4.15||

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   15

ॐ प्राणवता शब्दात् ॐ ॥ २.४.१६॥
ॐ pranavata sabdat ॐ || 2.4.16||

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   16

ॐ तस्य च नितयत्वात् ॐ ॥ २.४.१७॥
ॐ tasya ca nitayatvat ॐ || 2.4.17||

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   17

ॐ त इन्द्रियाणि तद्व्यपदेशादन्यत्र श्रेष्ठात् ॐ ॥ २.४.१८॥
ॐ ta indriyani tadvyapadesadanyatra sresthat ॐ || 2.4.18||

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   18

ॐ भेदश्रुतेः ॐ ॥ २.४.१९॥
ॐ bhedasruteh ॐ || 2.4.19||

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   19

ॐ वैलक्षण्याच्च ॐ ॥ २.४.२०॥
ॐ vailaksanyacca ॐ || 2.4.20||

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   20

ॐ संज्ञामूर्तिक्लृप्तिस्तु त्रिवृत्कुर्वत उपदेशात् ॐ ॥ २.४.२१॥
ॐ samjñamurtiklrptistu trivrtkurvata upadesat ॐ || 2.4.21||

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   21

ॐ मांसादि भौमं यथाशब्दमितरयोश्च ॐ ॥ २.४.२२॥
ॐ mamsadi bhaumam yathasabdamitarayosca ॐ || 2.4.22||

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   22

ॐ वैशेष्यात्तु तद्वादस्तद्वादः ॐ ॥ २.४.२३॥
ॐ vaisesyattu tadvadastadvadah ॐ || 2.4.23||

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   23

द्वितीयाध्यायस्य चतुर्थः पादः समाप्तः
dvitiyadhyayasya caturthah padah samaptah

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   0

॥ इति द्वितीयोऽध्यायः॥
|| iti dvitiyo'dhyayah||

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   0

ॐ तथा प्राणाः ॐ ॥ २.४.१॥
ॐ tatha pranah ॐ || 2.4.1||
That is Prana.

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   1

ॐ गौण्यसम्भवात् ॐ ॥ २.४.२॥
ॐ gaunyasambhavat ॐ || 2.4.2||
Similarly the organs (are produced from the supreme Self).

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   2

ॐ प्रतिज्ञानुपरोधाच्च ॐ ॥ २.४.३॥
ॐ pratijñanuparodhacca ॐ || 2.4.3||
(Origin of the organs has to be accepted) because of the impossibility of (the text about origin having) the secondary sense.

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   3

ॐ तत्प्राक्श्रुतेश्च ॐ ॥ २.४.४॥
ॐ tatpraksrutesca ॐ || 2.4.4||
Also because that term, ("is born"), is used earlier (in the primary sense) in the Upanishad (in connection with Prana).

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   4

ॐ तत्पूर्वकत्वाद्वाचः ॐ ॥ २.४.५॥
ॐ tatpurvakatvadvacah ॐ || 2.4.5||
(Pranas must have originated from Brahman) since speech is preceded by them.

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   5

ॐ सप्त गतेर्विशेषितत्वाच्च ॐ ॥ २.४.६॥
ॐ sapta gatervisesitatvacca ॐ || 2.4.6||
The pranas are seven in number because of being so known and because of such a specification.

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   6

ॐ हस्तादयस्तु स्थितेऽतो नैवम् ॐ ॥ २.४.७॥
ॐ hastadayastu sthite'to naivam ॐ || 2.4.7||
But the hands, are there; since (an excess is) established thus, therefore it is not so.

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   7

ॐ अणवश्च ॐ ॥ २.४.८॥
ॐ anavasca ॐ || 2.4.8||
And the organs are atomic (ie., subtle and limited in size).

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   8

ॐ श्रेष्ठश्च ॐ ॥ २.४.९॥
ॐ sresthasca ॐ || 2.4.9||
So also the foremost (Prana is a product of Brahman).

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   9

ॐ न वायुक्रिये पृथगुपदेशात् ॐ ॥ २.४.१०॥
ॐ na vayukriye prthagupadesat ॐ || 2.4.10||
Prana is neither air nor a function, because it is taught separately.

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   10

ॐ चक्षुरादिवत्तु तत्सहशिष्ट्यादिभ्यः ॐ ॥ २.४.११॥
ॐ caksuradivattu tatsahasistyadibhyah ॐ || 2.4.11||
But Prana is not independent just like the organs of vision, because instruction is impared along with them and because of other reasons.

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   11

ॐ अकरणत्वाच्च न दोषस्तथा हि दर्शयति ॐ ॥ २.४.१२॥
ॐ akaranatvacca na dosastatha hi darsayati ॐ || 2.4.12||
No fault accrues, because Prana is not a sense-organ. For thus it is shown in the Upanishads.

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   12

ॐ पञ्चवृत्तिर्मनोवद्व्यपदिश्यते ॐ ॥ २.४.१३॥
ॐ pañcavrttirmanovadvyapadisyate ॐ || 2.4.13||
It is taught that Prana has five states like the mind.

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   13

ॐ अणुश्च ॐ ॥ २.४.१४॥
ॐ anusca ॐ || 2.4.14||
And the chief Prana is atomic (ie., subtle and limited in size).

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   14

ॐ ज्योतिराद्यधिष्ठानं तु तदामननात् ॐ ॥ २.४.१५॥
ॐ jyotiradyadhisthanam tu tadamananat ॐ || 2.4.15||
But there is the (fact of) presiding over by (the deities) Fire and others, for so it is taught in the scriptures.

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   15

ॐ प्राणवता शब्दात् ॐ ॥ २.४.१६॥
ॐ pranavata sabdat ॐ || 2.4.16||
The organs are) connected with the possessor of the organs, as is known from the Vedic texts.

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   16

ॐ तस्य च नितयत्वात् ॐ ॥ २.४.१७॥
ॐ tasya ca nitayatvat ॐ || 2.4.17||
And on account of that soul's constant relation (with the body).

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   17

ॐ त इन्द्रियाणि तद्व्यपदेशादन्यत्र श्रेष्ठात् ॐ ॥ २.४.१८॥
ॐ ta indriyani tadvyapadesadanyatra sresthat ॐ || 2.4.18||
As distinguished from the chief Prana, the other pranas (eleven in number) are the organs, for they are so designated.

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   18

ॐ भेदश्रुतेः ॐ ॥ २.४.१९॥
ॐ bhedasruteh ॐ || 2.4.19||
Because of the (mention of) difference in the Upanishads.

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   19

ॐ वैलक्षण्याच्च ॐ ॥ २.४.२०॥
ॐ vailaksanyacca ॐ || 2.4.20||
And (the organs are different from Prana) because of the dissimilarity in characteristics.

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   20

ॐ संज्ञामूर्तिक्लृप्तिस्तु त्रिवृत्कुर्वत उपदेशात् ॐ ॥ २.४.२१॥
ॐ samjñamurtiklrptistu trivrtkurvata upadesat ॐ || 2.4.21||
The arrangement of designation and shape, however, is by Him who made the elements tripartite, for it is taught (in the Upanishad).

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   21

ॐ मांसादि भौमं यथाशब्दमितरयोश्च ॐ ॥ २.४.२२॥
ॐ mamsadi bhaumam yathasabdamitarayosca ॐ || 2.4.22||
Flesh are produced from earth as it is shown in the Upanishads. From the other two as well (evolve other things).

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   22

ॐ वैशेष्यात्तु तद्वादस्तद्वादः ॐ ॥ २.४.२३॥
ॐ vaisesyattu tadvadastadvadah ॐ || 2.4.23||
But owing to the preponderance (of any one) occurs the corresponding designation, occurs the corresponding designation.

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   23

द्वितीयाध्यायस्य चतुर्थः पादः समाप्तः
dvitiyadhyayasya caturthah padah samaptah
Thus ends the 4th padaha of the 2 adhyaya of the brahma sutras.

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   0

॥ इति द्वितीयोऽध्यायः॥
|| iti dvitiyo'dhyayah||
Thus ends the second adhyaya.

Adhyaya : 2

Padaha :   4

Shloka :   0

Add to Playlist

Read Later

No Playlist Found

Mudra Cost :

Create a Verse Post


namo namaḥ!

भाषा चुने (Choose Language)

Gyaandweep Gyaandweep

namo namaḥ!

Sign Up to explore more than 35 Vedic Scriptures, one verse at a time.

Login to track your learning and teaching progress.


Sign In